At the beginning of the 90's, when Moldova declared its sovereignty and independence, the establishment of a new state commenced, based on authentic democratic principles and mechanisms. However, the reforming process, designed to strengthen the state and its importance on both internal and international levels has been strongly affected by negative phenomena: territorial partition; severe economic degradation; mass pauperization of the population; intensification of political and social conflicts.

 In these circumstances, other serious problems occurred - including the growth of criminality and proliferation of corruption. The latter contaminated various spheres of activity, affecting economic development, the well-functioning of the rule-of-law guided state and most of the democratic institutions (justice and law enforcement bodies, human rights, public administration, and governance in general). The concerns in the sphere of countering and prevention of corruption were rather sporadic at the beginning, being poorly coordinated and providing little response to the new challenges, so that the implemented measures didn't reach important effects.

 In December 2004, the Parliament of Moldova adopted a National Strategy on Preventing and Combating Corruption. Thus, the anticorruption efforts became planned and state-governed. At the same time, the role of the civil society in fighting and preventing corruption increased. On the other hand, the governmental institutions became more receptive to the NGO's initiatives and actions.

At the end of 2005, after a series of national roundtables and conferences, bringing together representatives of the Council of Europe, Eurasia Foundation, governmental and nongovernmental institutions, a range of collaboration and partnership initiatives have been examined. These initiatives resulted in the idea of the creation of a new structure that would unite and amplify the efforts of the civil society in preventing and countering corruption. On January 10 2006, a joint agreement of 10 nongovernmental organizations gave existence to an informal group of NGOs - the Anticorruption Alliance. January 13 2006, the Alliance signed a collaboration agreement with the Government of the Republic of Moldova.

ACA's activity in those more than 3 years of existence, supported by appreciations from both international and local institutions, the strong collaboration with the state bodies, the constant growth of the number of members and the interest of the general public for the activities of the Alliance and its members prove the usefulness and the correctness of the chosen course. At the same time, new challenges determine new approaches, tactical and conceptual, which strengthen the existing capacities of the Alliance and develop new ones, having a bigger practical and strategic impact. The ambition to achieve this goal and the desideratum to considerably diminish corruption in Moldova guides the Anticorruption Alliance in all of its activities and defines its role in Moldovan civil society.